TID Tower, Tirana

TID Tower - 51N4E - (c) 51N4E
TID Tower - 51N4E - (c) 51N4E
TID Tower - 51N4E - (c) 51N4E
TID Tower - 51N4E - (c) 51N4E

De volgende tekst over het project TID Tower door 51N4E is beschikbaar in het Engels:

Mixed use high rise

Communism collapsed in Albania around 1991. Before, the country lived in severe isolation even from other socialist countries, a situation comparable to the disconnection of North Korea today. The violence during the regime found an equally violent counterpart in the way the country opened up to a so-called ‘free market regime’, which was in reality a destructive mix of pyramid schemes, widespread corruption and anarchy. Also the urban environment suffered from this, being victim to cancerous illegal settlements. People were building everywhere: on rooftops, in courtyards, parks and riverbeds.

The TID tower is part of a series of operations to bring the idea of the city as a collective space back in the hearts and minds of the people. The first wave was an emergency operation: in the year 2000 an ‘urban guerilla’ started, combining the destruction of buildings with the painting of facades in strong, larger than life colors. The second wave in 2003 was more organized and planning oriented: it crystallizes in a master plan for a pedestrianized center, marked at the edges with 2 parallel (and monumental) rows of towers. The TID tower is one of them, and until today the only one that is built.

The site for the tower qualifies as a prime location: it can be seen from the main boulevard entering the city. As a consequence, the tower complements the most important monuments of Tirana: the Skanderbeg statue, the oldest mosque, the clock tower and –at the foot of the tower- a memorial tomb for the city’s founder Suleiman Pasha. Being aware of this precarious historical line-up, the tower is designed as a monolith, avoiding the image of the modern glass tower. Starting from an ellipse and ending as a rectangle, the building has a simple shape which fully captures the Mediterranean light of Tirana and generates a wide range of unexpected shadows. It does not symbolize anything but simply highlights an environmental –and as such, cultural- condition.

The building and base are designed to be program-neutral: the generic layout of the floors and the rough skin of the tower (50% open - 50% closed) allow to accommodate any program. The whole structure is straightforward and well-made: the Sisyphean construction process consisted in getting rid of badly copied
international building solutions and replacing them with new solutions with the proper amount of precision. It meant that we –together with the client- had to find and create local capabilities, resulting in an unexpected range of high quality but low-tech solutions. During this process, the tower became more and more basic, leaving diversity and a hint of luxury for the ground floor. Here, the building is designed as a constellation of 3 singular buildings: the tower of 85 m height coming straight down to the ground, a 5 storey glass building with a cantilevering roof that creates an open air galleria and finally a small concrete building with a hollowed out quarter dome, embracing the tomb of Suleiman Pasha. Together, these buildings generate a multiple and diverse environment, enhancing the most durable quality of any Mediterranean city: its public space.

Dit gebouw is gepubliceerd in het Architectuurboek Vlaanderen editie 2014. Architectuur middenin. De tekst werd ons aangeleverd door het architectuurbureau.
 

Architectenbureau: 

51N4E

Ontwerpers: 

51N4E

Opdrachtgever: 

Tirana International Development

Taal: 

Nederlands, Engels

Straat: 

Rruga Abdi Toptani

Gemeente: 

Tirana

Land: 

Albanië

Datum oplevering: 

2014

Oppervlakte: 

46 000 m²

Volume: 

175 000 m³

Totale bouwkost: 

50 000 000 €, excl. BTW

Totale bouwkost per m2: 

1 090 €, excl. BTW

Studiebureaus: 

Helidon Kokona, stabiliteit, Tirana
Ney & partners, consultatie stabiliteit, Brussel
Cenergie, consultatie bouwfysica, Antwerpen

Hoofdaannemers: 

Tirana International Development

Tekst: 

Corporate partners

Retail Estates

Cultural partners